Global Health & Medicine 2019;1(2):83-87.
Cardiovascular disease and 1,5-anhydro-d-glucitol.
Ikeda N, Hiroi Y
The serum 1,5-anhydro-d-glucitol (1,5-AG) level rapidly decreases concomitantly with urinary glucose excretion in hyperglycemia. 1,5-AG is a sensitive clinical marker of short-term glycemic control, postprandial hyperglycemia and glucose fluctuation. Increasing evidence about the relationship between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and glucose fluctuations have been published. In this review, we summarize the possibilities and limitations of 1,5-AG as a marker of CVD. Research showed that 1,5-AG level is associated with prevalence of CVD and is also a predictive value for cardiovascular (CV) events. Especially in a high risk population, the predictive value of 1,5-AG for CV events becomes more effective. Besides, 1,5-AG is an effective glycometabolic marker that complements HbA1c in terms of glucose fluctuation. Appropriate use of 1,5-AG might lead to improved prognosis for patients or decrease medical financial burden of the population through early detection of glucose disorder and quality glucose control.